World Coal Association (WCA)

InfluenceMap Score
Performance Band
Organisation Score
Metals & Mining
London, United Kingdom
Official Web Site:

Climate Lobbying Overview: The World Coal Association (WCA) appears generally oppositional to ambitious global climate change policy, although there is limited evidence of engagement with specific climate-related regulations in recent years. WCA also continues to support a significant role for coal in the future energy mix, alongside the deployment of CCS technologies.

Top-line Messaging on Climate Policy: WCA published a Climate Change Position Statement in 2020, which appeared to support the objectives of the Paris Agreement to reduce global GHG emissions in line with 2°C scenarios. However, the Position Statement qualified this support by emphasizing the need to integrate emissions reductions alongside economic development and energy security, and also supporting climate solutions that rely heavily on CCUS technology to reduce emissions from GHG-intensive energy sources in the long-term. WCA has not explicitly supported the need for government regulation to respond to climate change, although has consistently advocated for government policy that ensures a level playing field where coal is not disadvantaged relative to other fuel types.

Engagement with Climate-Related Regulations: WCA appears to be generally oppositional to climate-related policy, although there is limited evidence of engagement with specific items of regulation. Communications from 2014-2018 suggest unsupportive positions towards carbon tax legislation in Australia and South Africa, as well as EU ETS reforms to increase the carbon price and effectiveness of the scheme. The World Coal Association also appears unsupportive of renewable energy legislation, advocating in 2017 against renewable energy subsidies and Australia’s federal Clean Energy Target. WCA has also not supported ambitious GHG emissions targets under the US Clean Power Plan and the EU 2030 Energy Strategy.

Positioning on Energy Transition: WCA actively promotes a sustained role for coal in the energy mix, which appears greater than the predicted role for coal under the IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C. In its 2020 Climate Change Position Statement, WCA stated that “coal will continue to play a significant role in the energy mix for decades to come” alongside CCS technology. WCA has actively supported the need for CCS and other “clean coal” technologies, including support for the US FUTURE Act legislation which extends tax credits for carbon capture operations in a 2019 media statement. However, WCA does not appear to transparently communicate on the uncertainties and risks associated with this approach, or timelines concerning CCS deployment.

WCA also does not appear to support a reduction in the role of coal in the energy mix in line with IPCC science. In its September 2021 report, 'Clean Coal Technology in ASEAN', WCA supported increased investment in new coal capacity up until 2040, alongside CCS. On its corporate website, accessed in June 2021, WCA supported coal as a significant share of electricity generation up until 2040. In June 2020, WCA CEO Michelle Manook supported the Indian government's coal auctions as a "historic moment for the country", emphasizing the importance of coal to energy security, economic development and other policy objectives in India including the economic recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic. From 2017-2021, WCA also appeared to execute an advertising strategy across social media to influence public opinion in favor of coal and its long-term role in the energy mix.