Ford Motor

InfluenceMap Score
D+
Performance Band
57%
Organisation Score
41%
Relationship Score
Sector:
Automobiles
Head​quarters:
Dearborn, United States
Brands and Associated Companies:
Lincoln, Mercury, F 150, Mustang
Official Web Site:

Climate Lobbying Overview: Ford is heavily engaged on US climate legislation with mixed engagement in 2019-21. The company has consistently supported the Paris Agreement and has supported some policies to promote the electrification of transportation. Furthermore, while the company has a history of regressive lobbying against more stringent US federal CAFE standards, recent evidence suggests more mixed engagement. Ford retains memberships to some regressive trade associations, many of which have been key in opposing climate regulation in the US and EU.

Top-line Messaging on Climate Policy: Ford has consistently supported the Paris Agreement in 2019-21, including in its 2021 Sustainability Report, and urged the US to rejoin the agreement in a 2020 joint letter, with Ford’s CEO, Bill Ford, praising US re-entry into the agreement in 2021. In 2021, Ford was also part of the We Mean Business Coalition call for the US to adopt an ambitious nationally determined contribution emissions reduction target at the UNFCCC to reach net-zero by 2050. Ford has also stated support for emissions reductions in line with the below 2°C ambition in its 2021 Sustainability Report. A 2021 joint statement from Ford also appears supportive of climate regulations for the automotive sector, without clearly referencing the need for increased ambition.

Engagement with Climate-Related Regulations: Ford has consistently engaged with policymakers on US Federal CAFE standards. In January 2019, Ford Executive Chairman Bill Ford Jr. told Reuters “We’re not asking for a rollback, but we’ve got to get everybody at the table, especially California” regarding US CAFE standards. Despite this, Ford was part of a group of companies that wrote a letter to President Donald Trump in June 2019 which advocated against the freezing of federal CAFE standards, although it also proposed standards weaker than those set under the Obama Administration.

However, in July 2019 Ford's position evolved and they entered into a voluntary agreement with California regulators that accepted the state's GHG emission standards and Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) programs. Ford’s 2020 Political Disclosure report further stated that “as a condition of membership”, Ford pressured the Auto Alliance to not litigate against California’s waiver to regulate emissions, stating support for the “California Settlement Agreement”. In November 2020, Ford Americas President Kumar Galhotra sent a letter to other automakers asking them to support the California deal. In August 2021, a joint press statement including Ford further stated support for Biden’s proposed GHG emissions standards for cars and trucks. In a September 2021 consultation response, Ford further stated support for the Biden Administration’s mid-range proposal for 2023-26 GHG emissions standards for light duty vehicles, weaker than more ambitious proposed higher standards by the EPA, while supporting numerous flexibilities in compliance to weaken the stringency of the proposal. Moreover, in a December 2021 statement reported in the New York Times, Ford stated support for the EPA's increased higher standards proposed in December 2021.

Ford further appears to have supported a 50% US GHG emissions target for 2030 in a 2021 joint letter, and also disclosed support for a US carbon border adjustment tax in their 2020 Political Disclosure Report.

Positioning on Energy Transition: Ford has mixed but mostly positive engagement with policies promoting electric vehicles in 2019-21. In a January 2019 interview with Bloomberg, Bill Ford Jr stated his support for electrifying transport, emphasizing support for electric infrastructure. In October 2020 it was reported that Ford was generally supportive of the proposed Zero-Emission Vehicles Act, which would create a federal national zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) standard and address climate change by ending U.S. sales of new ICE vehicles. Furthermore, a Politico report from May 2021 suggests Ford was advocating for increased US spending on electric vehicle infrastructure. A September 2021 US consultation response from Ford further stated support for consumer EV incentives and policies to promote EV charging infrastructure. In an August 2021 joint statement, Ford stated support for numerous US policies promoting the electrification of transportation including EV purchase incentives and a more ambitious US EV charging network. Ford’s 2020 Political Disclosure report further expressed support for the US federal EV tax credit. Ford’s 2021 sustainability report references global ICE phase-out policies and ZEV mandates without taking a clear position on such regulations, however in November 2021, the company signed a global pledge made at COP26 supporting a global phase out of ICE-powered vehicles in leading markets by 2035 and globally by 2040. In the UK, a 2020 consultation response from Ford appeared to support a longer-term role for hybrids over EVs, while also advocating for increased EV infrastructure and supporting purchase and usage incentives for EVs.

Industry Association Governance: Ford discloses its memberships of key industry associations in its 2020 Political Disclosure report, which includes an industry association review that discloses some of Ford’s industry association’s climate policy positions and Ford’s alignment and influence around this. The company retains memberships to several regressive trade associations including Alliance for Automotive Innovation, BusinessEurope, Business Roundtable, European Automobile Manufacturers Association (ACEA), German Automotive Association (VDA) and the US Chamber of Commerce.

A detailed assessment of the company's industry association review can be found on our CA100+ webpage here.

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DATA SOURCES
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Strength of Relationship
STRONG
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
WEAK
 
27%
 
27%
 
48%
 
48%
 
38%
 
38%
 
52%
 
52%
 
27%
 
27%
 
51%
 
51%
 
49%
 
49%
 
36%
 
36%
 
43%
 
43%
 
42%
 
42%

How to Read our Relationship Score Map

In this section, we depict graphically the relationships the corporation has with trade associations, federations, advocacy groups and other third parties who may be acting on their behalf to influence climate change policy. Each of the columns above represents one relationship the corporation appears to have with such a third party. In these columns, the top, dark section represents the strength of the relationship the corporation has with the influencer. For example if a corporation's senior executive also held a key role in the trade association, we would deem this to be a strong relationship and it would be on the far left of the chart above, with the weaker ones to the right. Click on these grey shaded upper sections for details of these relationships. The middle section contains a link to the organization score details of the influencer concerned, so you can see the details of its climate change policy influence. Click on the middle sections for for details of the trade associations. The lower section contains the organization score of that influencer, the lower the more negatively it is influencing climate policy.