ExxonMobil

InfluenceMap Score
D-
Performance Band
46%
Organisation Score
44%
Relationship Score
Sector:
Energy
Head​quarters:
Irving, United States
Brands and Associated Companies:
Esso, Mobil, Exxon
Official Web Site:
Wikipedia:

Climate Lobbying Overview: ExxonMobil appears unsupportive of most forms of climate regulation whilst promoting an energy policy agenda to accelerate fossil fuel development. The company retains an extensive network on memberships to industry associations actively opposing climate-related policy globally.

Top-line Messaging on Climate Policy: In January 2021, the organization has disclosed support for the Paris Agreement in its Sustainability Report. It has also supported "society’s ambition to achieve net zero emissions by 2050" in a consultation submission in March 2021. However, in its Energy & Carbon Summary from April 2021, Exxon appeared to support limiting temperature increase to 2ºC rather than the more ambitious target of 1.5ºC. Additionally, in October 2020, as reported by the corporate’s newsroom, CEO Darren Woods has stressed that “given the size, complexity and existing infrastructure, the energy transition will require significant time.”

Engagement with Climate-Related Regulations: As reported by Forbes in March 2021, ExxonMobil has stated support for an economy-wide carbon tax in the US. The company also backed a carbon dividend plan initiated by the Climate Leadership Council (CLC) in its 2020 Energy & Carbon Summary. This plan, however, comes with a number of caveats, which previously included the rollback of the US Clean Power Plan. In 2020, the CLC carbon dividend plan continues to advocate for 'significant regulatory simplification'. This position is in contrast to scientific advice from the IPCC which clearly states the need for a range of robust policy interventions to deliver on the Paris Agreement’s goals. Additionally, evidence from leaked videos of senior Exxon officials reported by Channel 4 in June 2021 suggests that ExxonMobil's public support for a carbon tax is qualified by the belief that a tax will never be political viable and it is purely a "talking point" as opposed to genuine support. Furthermore, evidence from a FOI request revealed that, in February 2021, Exxon has opposed the introduction of a national carbon tax in the Netherlands in an email to the country’s Vice President’s Cabinet.

In terms of emissions regulation, in its 2020 Energy & Carbon Summary, ExxonMobil disclosed its support for methane emissions regulations in the US and advocated for governments to include methane reduction in their Nationally Determined Contributions. Though in a press release in March 2020, the company proposed its own framework for methane emissions regulation in the US, which are weaker than many of the state-level methane regulations and the EPA's original federal regulation.

Positioning on Energy Transition: ExxonMobil strongly supports the long-term use of oil and gas in the energy mix and makes extensive use of social media advertising to communicate this position. Notes obtained by freedom of information requests (FOI) reveal that in February 2020, ExxonMobil lobbied UK policymaker for greater recognition of the role of gas as transitional fuel, without clear reference to the need for CCS. The company has also directly engaged in a range of policy and legislative items impacting the energy mix, including donating $1 million to oppose an Alaskan oil tax ballot initiative in 2020 and privately lobbying the US Congress against some climate provisions in President Biden’s Infrastructure Bill in 2021. A document obtained following FOI rules suggests ExxonMobil has lobbied in support of Ohio legislation, known as Senate Bill 33, which would criminalize protests against fossil fuel infrastructure, as reported by Drilled News in January 2021. In the EU, ExxonMobil lobbied to water down the focus on renewable hydrogen in the EU hydrogen strategy to focus instead on hydrogen generated from natural gas in July 2020. In Australia, the company pressed policymakers for additional financial support for the refinery sector in light of the COVID-19 pandemic in October 2020, and argued for deregulation to encourage further investment into oil and gas exploration and development in Australia in a consultation submission in November 2020.

Industry Association Governance: ExxonMobil has not disclosed in detail regarding its indirect influence over climate policy via industry associations. Although the company is known to retain memberships of numerous industry associations actively lobby against climate policy (i.e. the American Petroleum Institute, the American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers, the Australian Petroleum Production & Exploration Association, the Western States petroleum Association and others), they have not produced dedicated, clearly identifiable disclosure explaining any influence they have on climate policy through these relationships

QUERIES
DATA SOURCES
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Strength of Relationship
STRONG
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
WEAK
 
23%
 
23%
 
27%
 
27%
 
41%
 
41%
 
57%
 
57%
 
39%
 
39%
 
21%
 
21%
 
60%
 
60%
 
62%
 
62%
 
50%
 
50%
 
59%
 
59%
 
42%
 
42%
 
30%
 
30%
 
51%
 
51%
 
48%
 
48%
 
25%
 
25%
 
35%
 
35%
 
27%
 
27%
 
47%
 
47%
 
34%
 
34%
 
36%
 
36%
 
45%
 
45%
 
53%
 
53%
 
34%
 
34%
 
67%
 
67%
 
45%
 
45%
 
38%
 
38%
 
74%
 
74%
 
63%
 
63%
 
58%
 
58%
 
43%
 
43%
 
45%
 
45%
 
44%
 
44%
 
51%
 
51%
 
43%
 
43%

How to Read our Relationship Score Map

In this section, we depict graphically the relationships the corporation has with trade associations, federations, advocacy groups and other third parties who may be acting on their behalf to influence climate change policy. Each of the columns above represents one relationship the corporation appears to have with such a third party. In these columns, the top, dark section represents the strength of the relationship the corporation has with the influencer. For example if a corporation's senior executive also held a key role in the trade association, we would deem this to be a strong relationship and it would be on the far left of the chart above, with the weaker ones to the right. Click on these grey shaded upper sections for details of these relationships. The middle section contains a link to the organization score details of the influencer concerned, so you can see the details of its climate change policy influence. Click on the middle sections for for details of the trade associations. The lower section contains the organization score of that influencer, the lower the more negatively it is influencing climate policy.