Air France-KLM

InfluenceMap Score
Performance Band
Organisation Score
Relationship Score
Paris, France
Official Web Site:

Climate Lobbying Overview: In 2019-21, Air France-KLM has appeared to negatively lobby climate-related regulations for aviation in the EU, France, and the Netherlands. Air France-KLM seems to have opposed measures to strengthen the EU ETS for aviation, it has rejected ticket taxes in France and the Netherlands and appears opposed to an EU kerosene tax for aviation.

Top-line Messaging on Climate Policy: A July 2021 press release from KLM stated support for the EU's 2050 climate neutrality target. However, Air France-KLM appeared to use its support of global climate regulation for aviation to oppose more ambitious national and regional regulations in a 2020 EU consultation response. In a March 2021 policy paper sent to EU Commission officials, Air-France KLM further seemed to stress the negative impact on competitiveness stemming from European climate action on aviation, suggesting support for less urgent measures. Air-France KLM does not appear to have communicated a clear public position on the Paris Agreement.

Engagement with Climate-Related Regulations: Air France in its 2020 CSR Report stated support for the global Carbon Offset and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) scheme as the “sole vehicle” for global aviation emissions reductions. The company has simultaneously opposed other forms of national and regional climate regulations, suggesting in its 2020 public policy positions that participation in CORSIA should exempt the sector from other climate policies including the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS). In an EU consultation response in August 2020, it similarly advocated for CORSIA to replace the EU ETS for international (EU to/from non-EU) flights. In the same consultation response, it also opposed a reduction of free emissions allowances for aviation in the EU ETS and supported the exemption of intra-EU feeder flights (flights to hub airports from destinations not served by larger airlines) from the EU ETS. Similarly, in a March 2021 policy paper emailed to the EU Commission, Air-France KLM appeared to oppose reducing free emissions allowances for aviation in the EU ETS and supported the “full and proper implementation of CORSIA. Air France-KLM disclosed in its 2020 CDP disclosure that it is advocating for "CORSIA to be the only measure applicable to emissions from international flights within Europe in the future."

Air France-KLM appears to have a mixed position on an EU sustainable aviation fuels (SAFs) mandate. In October 2020, as part of the World Economic Forum’s Clean Skies for Tomorrow initiative, KLM appeared to endorse an EU SAF blending mandate, and in a response to an EU consultation in October 2020, Air France-KLM referenced an EU SAF mandate without appearing to take a clear position on its introduction. However, in a March 2021 policy paper sent to EU Commission officials, Air-France KLM seemed unsupportive of an EU SAF mandate, stating it should only be introduced in a “mature market” and “should not be imposed if high quality SAF is still too scarce in Europe.” However, a KLM press release from July 2021 appeared supportive of an announced EU sustainable aviation fuels mandate.

Positioning on Energy Transition: Air France-KLM has actively advocated against various related jet fuel and ticket taxes across Europe. Air-France KLM appears to have advocated against EU kerosene fuel tax in an EU consultation response in April 2020 and in a March 2021 policy paper sent to EU Commission officials. In response to the EU Fit for 55 package in July 2021, a KLM press release appeared opposed to a proposed EU kerosene fuel tax and KLM's CEO, Pieter Elbers, further stated opposition to such a tax in an October 2021 NRC interview. A Reuters article from January 2022 further reported that Air France-KLM had joined an industry alliance to oppose an EU kerosene tax.

Regarding ticket taxes, a 2019 Air-France press release and a media report in 2020 suggests that the company has consistently opposed a ticket tax for aviation in France. KLM also communicated opposition to a Dutch ticket tax for aviation in a 2020 media report. Air France-KLM further stated opposition to “jet fuel taxation, carbon taxation and/or ticket taxation” for aviation in France and the Netherlands in its 2020 CDP response, and in March 2020, Air France’s CEO, Benjamin Smith, stated that “in view of the coronavirus outbreak, we are asking governments to suspend the introduction of new flight taxes.” Emails received by freedom of information request also suggest Air France-KLM lobbied the EU Commission in March 2021 to support a “green stimulus” subsidy scheme for new aircraft purchases.

Industry Association Governance: Air France-KLM does not appear to have published a comprehensive list of industry association memberships and has not disclosed a review of its industry association links to assess alignment with its own climate policy positions. Air France-KLM retains board-level membership of the International Air Transport Association, which has actively lobbied against ambitious global climate policy for aviation. It is also a member of BusinessEurope, which has historically lobbied in opposition to climate policy in Europe, and Airlines for Europe, who have opposed ambitious climate legislation for aviation in Europe.

Strength of Relationship

How to Read our Relationship Score Map

In this section, we depict graphically the relationships the corporation has with trade associations, federations, advocacy groups and other third parties who may be acting on their behalf to influence climate change policy. Each of the columns above represents one relationship the corporation appears to have with such a third party. In these columns, the top, dark section represents the strength of the relationship the corporation has with the influencer. For example if a corporation's senior executive also held a key role in the trade association, we would deem this to be a strong relationship and it would be on the far left of the chart above, with the weaker ones to the right. Click on these grey shaded upper sections for details of these relationships. The middle section contains a link to the organization score details of the influencer concerned, so you can see the details of its climate change policy influence. Click on the middle sections for for details of the trade associations. The lower section contains the organization score of that influencer, the lower the more negatively it is influencing climate policy.