Ford Motor

InfluenceMap Score
C-
Performance Band
70%
Organisation Score
44%
Relationship Score
Sector:
Automobiles
Head​quarters:
Dearborn, United States
Brands and Associated Companies:
Lincoln, Mercury, F 150, Mustang
Official Web Site:

Climate Lobbying Overview: Ford Motor is actively engaged on climate policy in the US, EU and New Zealand, with mixed but increasingly positive engagement in 2021-22. Ford appears to have the most positive engagement with climate regulations in the US, stating support for numerous policies designed to decarbonize road transport. However, Ford retains memberships to some regressive trade associations, many of which have been key in opposing climate regulation in the US and EU.

Top-line Messaging on Climate Policy: Ford has consistently supported the Paris Agreement in 2020-22, including in its 2022 Sustainability Report. Ford’s Chairman, Bill Ford, praised US re-entry into the agreement in January 2021, following the company’s calls to in a December 2020 joint letter. In April 2021, Ford was part of the We Mean Business Coalition call for the US to adopt an ambitious nationally determined contribution (NDC) emissions reduction target at the UNFCCC to reach net-zero by 2050. Similarly, in Europe, Ford appeared to support the EU’s Green Deal and 2050 net-zero targets in a May 2022 joint letter. Ford stated support for emissions reductions in line with the below 2°C ambition in its 2021 Sustainability Report, and in a February 2022 media interview, Ford's CEO, Jim Farley, showed support for automotive climate provisions in the proposed US Build Back Better Act.

Engagement with Climate-Related Regulations: In the US, Ford has had increasingly positive engagement on GHG emissions and federal fuel economy standards in 2021-22. In a September 2021 consultation response, Ford stated support for the EPA’s mid-range, but not higher-range, proposal for GHG emissions standards for light-duty vehicles, while also supporting numerous flexibilities in compliance to weaken its stringency. Yet more positively, in a December 2021 statement reported by the New York Times, Ford stated support for the higher-range increase in such GHG emissions standards.

In an October 2021 testimony at NHTSA’s public hearing on CAFE standards, a senior Ford Executive stated general support with minor exceptions for higher proposed CAFE rules for passenger cars and light vans. Additionally, Ford’s 2022 Sustainability Report stated that the company “supports EPA’s proposals to increase the stringency of fuel economy standards, which intend to deliver similar GHG reductions as the California Framework Agreement”.

Regarding heavy-duty vehicle policy, at the federal level, Ford’s May 2022 consultation response on the EPA's Clean Truck Plan did not state a clear position on a proposal in the US Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) “Clean Trucks Plan” that would tighten “Phase 2” GHG emissions standards for heavy-duty vehicles for 2027 and beyond for certain vehicle categories. At the state level, in its 2022 Sustainability Report, Ford expressed support for California’s ability to set its own stronger GHG emission standards for vehicles under the Clear Air Act, and in June 2022 intervened on the side of the EPA against a challenge to the state’s authority to do so.

In the EU, Ford advocated for the EU's proposed 2035 zero-emissions light-duty vehicle GHG target for the first time in May 2022, expressing its support in Ford Europe’s 2022 Sustainability Digest, and a joint letter to the European Council and Parliament.

In New Zealand, however, a November 2021 consultation response indicated that Ford did not support higher proposed CO2 targets for light-duty vehicles included in New Zealand's Clean Car Bill, arguing that the targets proposed in the Bill are not feasible and called for a two-year delay to account for local market transition factors.

In the US, Ford further appears to have supported a 50% economy-wide US GHG emissions target for 2030 in a 2021 joint letter, and stated support for the Clean Energy Tax Credits as part of the Build Back Better Act in a February 2022 joint letter.

Positioning on Energy Transition: Ford has mixed but increasingly positive engagement on policies to phase out ICE vehicles. In the US, in a May 2022 consultation response, Ford took an unclear position on California's proposed Advanced Clean Cars II regulation, which would require an increasing percentage of new light-duty EV sales each year until a 100% ZEV mandate in 2035, calling for minor exceptions, such as allowing the usage of converted vehicle values in the calculation of ZEV requirement performance. In October 2020, it was reported by Detroit News that Ford was generally supportive of the proposed Zero-Emission Vehicles Act, which would create a federal national zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) standard and end US sales of new ICE vehicles. In November 2021, the company signed a global pledge made at COP26 supporting a global phase-out of ICE-powered vehicles in leading markets by 2035 and globally by 2040. In the EU, in a May 2022 joint letter, Ford urged policymakers to support a stringent 2035 phase-out date for ICE vehicles. However, a July 2020 Ford UK consultation response appeared to support a longer-term role for hybrids over BEVs, while a September 2021 UK consultation response appeared to advocate for only plug-in hybrids, alongside BEVS and FCEVs, to be sold as part of the UK’s ICE phase-out in 2030-35, and more negatively appeared to oppose a UK ZEV mandate.

Regarding US state-level heavy-duty vehicle policies, in a May 2020 consultation response, Ford Motor took an unclear position on California's proposed Advanced Clean Truck (ACT) regulation, which requires manufacturers to sell increasing percentages of zero-emission trucks.

Ford has mostly positive engagement with policies promoting electric vehicles in 2020-22. In the UK, according to a July 2020 consultation response obtained via FOI, Ford advocated for increased EV infrastructure and supported purchase and usage incentives for EVs. A Politico report from May 2021 suggests that in the US, Ford advocated to policymakers for increased US spending on EV infrastructure, while in a September 2021 US consultation response, the company expressed support for consumer EV incentives and a more ambitious EV charging network. Ford appeared to support EV tax credits in the US Build Back Better Act, including in a CEO interview with Yahoo News in February 2022, as well as in a June 2022 joint letter to US congressional leaders.

Industry Association Governance: Ford discloses its membership of key industry associations in its 2021 Political Engagement Report, which includes the industry associations’ climate policy positions and Ford’s alignment and influence around this. The company retains memberships to several regressive trade associations including Business Roundtable, European Automobile Manufacturers Association (ACEA), German Automotive Association (VDA), National Association of Manufacturers (NAM), the Truck and Engine Manufacturers Association (EMA), and the US Chamber of Commerce. Ford is also the 2022 board chair of the Alliance for Automotive Innovation, which has mixed engagement with climate policy in the US.

*A detailed assessment of the company's industry association review can be found on our CA100+ webpage here

InfluenceMap collects and assesses evidence of corporate climate policy engagement on a weekly basis, depending on the availability of information from each specific data source (for more information see our methodology). While this analysis flows through to the company’s scores each week, the summary above is updated periodically. This summary was last updated in Q4 2022.

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DATA SOURCES
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Strength of Relationship
STRONG
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
WEAK
 
54%
 
54%
 
29%
 
29%
 
56%
 
56%
 
36%
 
36%
 
39%
 
39%
 
29%
 
29%
 
52%
 
52%
 
41%
 
41%
 
54%
 
54%

How to Read our Relationship Score Map

In this section, we depict graphically the relationships the corporation has with trade associations, federations, advocacy groups and other third parties who may be acting on their behalf to influence climate change policy. Each of the columns above represents one relationship the corporation appears to have with such a third party. In these columns, the top, dark section represents the strength of the relationship the corporation has with the influencer. For example if a corporation's senior executive also held a key role in the trade association, we would deem this to be a strong relationship and it would be on the far left of the chart above, with the weaker ones to the right. Click on these grey shaded upper sections for details of these relationships. The middle section contains a link to the organization score details of the influencer concerned, so you can see the details of its climate change policy influence. Click on the middle sections for for details of the trade associations. The lower section contains the organization score of that influencer, the lower the more negatively it is influencing climate policy.